The cigarette butt stretches are used to stretch the hip rotators. There is a version for the internal rotators and a version for the external rotators. This article will discuss which muscles they stretch, why to use the stretches and how to do the stretches. It is believed this is the first article written on these stretches.
The cigarette butt stretches are especially useful due to their simplicity. If you are stiff internally rotating then you do the stretch in to internal rotation and vice versa for external rotation.
The internal rotators are the tensor fascia latae, anterior fibres of...
What is it?
Femoral anterior glide syndrome of the hip is a term coined and popularised by Shirley Sahrmann (2002). The diagnosis asserts that the femur is most susceptible to moving anteriorly. This is what Sahrmann (2002) refers to as the directional susceptibility to movement, or more simply the path of least resistance. A central tenant of her working philosophy is that it is these structures that have less relative stiffness that are most likely to get injured both acutely and chronically.
Sahrmann (2002) asserts that femoral anterior glide syndrome most commonly occurs in concert with...
Female athelete triad syndrome in the high school athelete.
Thein-Nissenbaum & Carr
Triad = bone health-menstrual irregularities- poor nutrition
Poorer nutrition increases injury risk 2-3x in young females
Each component is associated with increased injury risk
Uninvolved versus target muscle contraction during contract-relax proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching
Azevedo et al.
Biceps contraction as effective as hamstring contraction in contract relax stretch of hamstring
Immediate effects of quantified hamstring stretching: Hold relax proprioceptive...
Variables associated with active spondylolysis
Gregg et al.
<20yo males more likely to develop spondylolysis than females or >20’s.
Most likely due to participation in rotation and jumping sports. E.g. Cricket, gymnastics
Single leg hyperextension test was not valid (p=0.47).
The Influence of Mulligan ankle taping during balance performance in subjects with unilateral chronic ankle instability
Hopper et al.
Previously shown to be effective in preventing recurrent injuries.
? Works at end range to stop injury, but not inner range to improve proprioception.
Neck strength recovery following a single bout of specific strengthening exercise
Netto et al
Neck strength returned to previous level at 3 days post training.
Neck strength surpassed previous level at 5 days post training.
In females recovery may be delayed.
Correlation of three different knee joint position sense measures
Kiran et al.
Isokinetic dynamometer, electrogoniometer and two dimensional (2D) video analysis showed at least a fair correlation in both standing and sitting.
2D video analysis or electrogoniometer may be best for standing, however in sitting 2D video analysis may be...